There are many forms of martial art, and it is possible to be confused about the differences between them all. We will be briefly discussing what is taught in a typical Taekwondo class, and the various elements of this martial arts.
Taekwondo means "the way between the fists and the feet." Anyone who is familiar with martial arts should find this not surprising. Nearly everyone expects that martial arts involve punching and kicking.
Although not all martial arts schools will offer traditional weapons, many schools include them in their Taekwondo curriculum. Weapons like jong bong (long staff), kama, sai, chux, etc. are taught in many martial arts programs. You can even buy these weapons online. If you want to buy Sai weapon online, then you can click on www.bushido.ca/products/weapons/sai-kama.
Although Taekwondo was founded in Korea, the history of the sport spans over 2,000 years. It was not organized outside of Korea for a lot of its history. And it wasn't considered a "sport" until much later. Today, Taekwondo can be found all over the globe and is even part of the Olympics.
Learning how to kick and punch is a fundamental part of martial arts. Taekwondo is known for its kick sport. Sparring matches at the Olympics are dominated by kicks. You will find a lot of fancy kick demonstrations online from professional Korean demonstration groups. These include jumping, spinning and turning in the air, etc.
As a result, you will learn basic kicking techniques and hand techniques in any class.