Heel pain in adults can be due to numerous disorders, however by far the most frequent cause is a condition known as plantar fasciitis. The pain from plantar fasciitis typically occurs beneath the heel and the classic sign is that the discomfort is worse when getting out of bed first thing each morning for those initial few steps. After those first steps the discomfort does typically ease to some extent, however it worsens once more as the day goes on. The plantar fascia is a long ligament beneath the bottom of the foot which is responsible for supporting the arch of the foot, so plantar fasciitis is because there is a lot of weight on the arch of the foot. The primary risk factors for plantar fasciitis are tight calf muscles, being obese and having higher levels of exercise. Lower limb dysfunctional problems that adds to the load in the plantar fascia can also be an issue in increasing the stress.
The first approach to plantar fasciitis is pain alleviation by using ice following activity and possibly the use of anti-inflammatory and also pain relief medication. Low dye strapping can also be used temporarily to help you with the pain. Foot orthotics could be used to lessen the force on the arch of the foot and fix any biomechanical issues that maybe a issue in causing the condition. It is very important to stretch the leg muscles as that is a significant risk. Night may also be used to help with that stretching as needed. Strengthening the muscles which also support the arch can also be of great benefit because they take some strain of the plantar fascia. In the long run, weight loss is critical because this actually does produce a lot of stress in the feet. When these kinds of techniques aren't helping to well, then it is time for you to look at treatment such as shockwave therapy or corticosteroid injection therapy. A final resort would be surgical treatment.